18 Nov Oromos meeting to discuss social affairs under the shades of an Odaa Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Gada sysytem; full Dimocratical politics of Oromo;71st Borana Balli The Oromo recognized the Gada System as part of their cultural heritage and as a. Question What is the Gada system? Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia only? and the follow up question is.

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There are also abundant ethnographic and historic evidences indicating that the Oromo had an effective military organization, not only in the gada system oromo century but also in the subsequent centuries until the conquest of Emperor Menilik of Abyssinia in the late 19 th?

The Yuba take part in Gada Assembly and indeed have some residual political power in the Assembly. The future political leaders orommo the Oromo are elected at this stage. Finally, upon completion of the series of gada system oromo he asks: The Gada system is one of the heritages that binds all.

Are there any specific roles or categories of persons with special responsibilities? The entire class progresses through eleven different grades, each based on an eight-year cycle, and each with its own set of rights and responsibilities. The assembly takes place under a sycamore tree – a symbolic representation of dialogue gada system oromo consensus.

The young, poor and gada system oromo elders are politically and economically marginalized in Western democracies. For the Oromo today, Gada constitutes a dynamic living culture that regulate contemporary Oromo political, social, economic and religious life.

Gada: the indigenous governance system | The Reporter Ethiopia English

One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. Currently, the Oromiya Radio and Television broadcast gada system oromo in the Oromo language about various aspect of the Gada System to increase awareness. Those elected young Gada councilors and other members of the class in their twenties and early thirties marry at this stage.

Other shortcomings include rigidity of rules, and the question of scaling Gadaa to millions of people. In our contemporary political system elections are conducted every five or four years in between which citizens often pay little attention to matters of government.

Gada system oromo the Abba Gada, head gada system oromo the Gada executive branch, if accused of violating laws and regulations, could be impeached, tried and uprooted buqisu from office before official tenure and replaced by one of the members of his class.

The fifth grade is collectively called the warrior class. They were singing with excitement.

Williams tada Mark E. The list goes on which include the right to own private property, and the right to debate public issues and reach gada system oromo solutions; the procedures for selection and peaceful change of leaders every eight years; the accountability of leaders and the right to recall buqisu those who fail to execute their responsibilities. Though the special committee fulfilled all the five categories there has been opposition to the registration of the Gada system from a group called the Alliance of Nilotic and Omotic People of Africa.

The Gada Gada system oromo does not contain any element that is incompatible with existing international human rights instruments.


This, according to Legesse, [7] is the main shortcoming of Oromo Democracy. The members of the class maintain their identity as gada system oromo pear group throughout the life cycle.

There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of gada system oromo man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty years ahead of the grade of his son. The Europeans provided the Abysinian chieftains with then modern fire arms and military advisors that put the Oromo at a great dis-advantage. The Zulu and the Fulani though gada system oromo had military strength they had no horses and cavalry forces.

This is a possible indication that democracy is sustainable where it is socially and culturally grounded, and not simply self-proclaimed democratic republicanism.

Among other structural elements of Gadaa system is its legislative body commonly known as Gadaa General Assembly. Following this event all participants burst into joy ibid: Considering the symbolic significance of Gadaa for the Oromo, as well as its structural innovations, researchers in law, gada system oromo studies, and pan-Africanism are exploring how the system could be utilized gada system oromo the 21st century. That is forty years long.

However, counting back the Gadaa leaders in power, now at 74th Gadaa leader and multiplying it by eight years, one can reasonably conclude it has been practised since at dystem the early s. Geographical location and range of the Gada system Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada gada system oromo several places based on their territorial settlement.

In different grades the boys will take over various duties, learn about the aesthetics of Oromo culture, philosophy of the world and other gada system oromo.

Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As such, he plays an indispensable role in power transfer occasions and legitimizing the ruling Gada System.

Unlike other, Western democratic systems, the Gadaa system has five permanent political parties whose members assume leadership once every eight years.

Accessed in July,